Demonstration at Memphis in May Orpheum Theater (2012 May) – USA Tenessee
“The Philippines! Live From the Islands”
(in coop with WFMA)
THE EVOLUTION OF THE FILIPINO MARTIAL ARTS “ARNIS”
The Philippine delegation, showcasing the Filipino Martial Arts “Arnis” through its evolution along with the glimpse of history of our country using the one of the best among the well known martial arts in the world. ARNIS Arnis, also known as kali, escrima, baston, etc. is a complete martial art system, encompassing weapons training and empty-hand self-defense. It includes training in single stick techniques (solo baston), double stick techniques (doble baston), stick and knife or dagger techniques (espada y daga) and knife techniques (daga). Some styles may include staff and spear (sibat) training in their curriculum. Others will include the practice of medium to long bladed weapons (bolo) in their repertoire. Many styles have some form of empty hand combat, encompassing striking, kicking, locking, throwing and even choking methods. These are usually taught when the practitioner has demonstrated a reasonable degree of proficiency with the weapons of his style of arnis. Different arnis styles, from different parts of the country, may emphasize different areas of the training methods noted above. The term arnis is believed to be a Tagalog corruption of the Spanish term arnes, or harness, a reference to the decorations worn by the early Filipinos. Kali is another term used to refer to the same kind of martial arts. Different provinces may have different names for arnis, such as baston and kaliradman (Ilonggo, Bisaya), pagkalikali (Ibanag) and kalirongan (Pangasinan). These are only a few examples of the terms already recorded in different sources.
Our black belts, senior guru’s and specially the masters of the art will showcase the art through its history through the following to wit:
- Pre-Spanish – where “KALI” a Malayan word meaning a large bladed weapon longer than a knife. Kali began to be known as the ancient term for Arnis. The Philippine martial art became heavily/purely weapons based, using the Kris, Barong, kampiland and spears and shields.
- COLONIAL PERIOD
Arnis and the First Philippine Hero “LAPU-LAPU” – our first hero was Rajah Lapu-Lapu, with his warriors’ defeated Magellan. With the knowledge of the Filipino warriors in the art.
- Spanish the Americans and the Revolutions – Spanish authorities fearsome of native arnisadors martial arts skills with bladed weapons, banned the brandishing of the bolo and the daggers, they were made to wear see through clothing so that these weapons could not be concealed, and so developed our national costume the Barong tagalong. Here began a major development in Arnis history as arnisadors began to use sticks.
Until it became a new weapon for the arnisador, and every batanguena whi carries one with her. Arnis has a Filipina history, the heroine Gabriela Silang continued her husband uprising after his death and became the most wanted woman in the colony with a BOLO.
- ARNIS DE MANO – Until time comes through sticks Arnisadors came to use their own kamao and to be known as arnis de mano or empty hand technique.
- MODERN ARNIS – then eventually came to a point that the schools began to open around the country, in the Philippine Olympic Stadium began to promote full-contact arnis tournaments.